Effect of Textbook Activities on Students’ Health Consciousness at Primary Level

  • Attiya Khalique M.Phil Scholar, Science Education, AIOU Islamabad
  • Dr. Muhammad Samiullah Assistant Professor, ECE&ETE, AIOU Islamabad
  • Dr. Fazal-ur-Rahman Associate Professor, ECE&ETE, AIOU Islamabad
Keywords: Textbook (TB), Health consciousness (HC), Primary Level


This research had aimed to find an effect of activities in textbooks on primary level students’ health consciousness. The review of related literature discovered that health consciousness can be upgraded with the help of textbook activities. The design used had been quasi-experimental without randomization. Pre-test post-test non-randomized control group design had been used. Two groups were selected with convenient sampling for collecting data. There were sixty-two (62) participants in the experimental and control groups. The instrument used for data collection was a health consciousness test.  Data had been analyzed with a t-test. Some recommendations were made for the teachers teaching Science subjects at primary school to improve their teaching methodology in a way that they may involve textbook activities to focus on students' health consciousness. Further researches may be conducted to find the effect of Text Book activities on some areas of the cognitive and the psychomotor domain.