Relationship between Parental Involvement, Students’ Performance Goal Orientation and Academic Achievement at Elementary Level
The study aims to explore association between parental involvement and its contribution in students’ performance goal orientation and academic achievement during their elementary schooling. The study adopted correlational design. Nine (04 boys and 05 girls) Middle/Elementary schools were randomly selected from 233 (140 girls and, 93 boys) Middle/ Elementary schools of Lahore. 324 participants (180 girls and 144 boys) from grade 6 were conveniently selected from these randomly selected 09 public Middle/elementary schools. 324 parents (mother/father) of above mentioned students were also included in this Study. Two instruments, Student Performance Goal Orientation (SPGO) and Parental Involvement Scale (PIS) were used as research instruments. It was quantitative study based on descriptive research. Survey method was used for data collection. The study found positive association between parental involvement and students’ learning outcomes achievement. Positive association between students’ performance goal orientation and students’ learning achievement was also found. It was observed that parents can increase the students’ motivation level and help them for their achievements. More than half of the students were of the views that parental involvement enhances the student’s learning achievement.