Evaluating Moderating Effect of Growth Need Intent on Relationship between Job Characteristics and Job Satisfaction amongst Garments Industry Workers in Pakistan

  • Qurat ul Ain Ahmed PhD Scholar, School of Business and Economics, University of Management and Technology, Lahore
  • Waheed Asghar Director, Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority (TEVTA) Govt. of Punjab https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6729-4619
  • Naveed Yazdani School of Business and Economics, University of Management and Technology, Pakistan
Keywords: Job characteristics Model (JCM), Job Satisfaction (JS), Growth need Strength (GNS), Textile & Garment Industry, Production Workers


The purpose of this study is to examine the correlation between job characteristics and job satisfaction among production workers in the garments sector assembly line and also to examine the moderating impact of growth need intent on both variables. The five job characteristics were employed in this study namely; task identity, variety of skills, the significance of the task, autonomy, and feedback. This study was carried out in seven garment factories in Lahore. Data has been collected from production workers of different departments; cutting, sewing, pattern making, washing, pressing, packaging, and quality checkingf randomly selected factories. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Considering the sample size estimation the ratio has not to be below 1:5. (Hair, et al., 2010) and 125 have been selected by a convenient method of sampling. Smart PLS has been used as a statistical tool for data processing and testing the hypothesis. The research suggests two important findings. Firstly, job characteristics significantly affect job satisfaction. Secondly, it shows that the correlation between the job characteristic and satisfaction is moderated by growth need the strength that the relationship between job characteristics and satisfaction is significantly moderated by growth need intent. This research will add value to the existing knowledge base and serve as a guideline for HR policymakers in the textile & garments industry to recognize the needs for the development of their workers.