Online Math Education during Covid-19 and Associated Learning Anxiety at the Tertiary Level in Pakistan
A survey method was used to investigate the effect of online math education and students anxiety of learning Mathematics in COVID-19 at university level in Lahore. The basic purpose to design this study was to explore students’ anxiety measures and introduce some coping strategies to minimize the students’ anxiety in online learning math education. All students of graduate and post-graduate level in all public and private universities of Lahore were considered as population of the study. By using convenient sampling technique 500 students were selected from 4 public and 4 private universities. A standardized instrument ‘Mathematics Anxiety Scale’ was adapted after validity and reliability tests. The results showed a strong positive relationship between online Math education and students’ anxiety of learning mathematics. The online math education has statistically significance variance on students’ anxiety of learning mathematics. Therefore, a significant medium effect size was found between public and private universities in online learning mathematics. Therefore Mathematics anxiety effects not only cognitively and physiologically but directly manifests emotionally so to reduce it learners needs to avoid negative talk and focus on positive reinforcement.
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